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Intranasal Flu Vaccine Developed Using Graphene Oxide Sheet-Like Nanoparticles

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Last year Georgia State University announced that researchers had developed an influenza vaccine made of nanoparticles and administered through the nose.

In this study, the researchers developed an intranasal influenza vaccine and they also created a two-dimensional nanomaterial (polyethyleneimine-functionalised graphene oxide nanoparticles).

“In our study, we reported for the first time that two-dimensional graphene oxide nanomaterials had a potent adjuvant effect in boosting the immune responses of intranasal hemagglutinin (HA) vaccines,” said Dr. Chunhong Dong, lead author of the study. “This study gives new insights into developing high-performance intranasal vaccine systems with two-dimensional sheet-like nanoparticles.”

Read more: Intranasal Influenza Vaccine Enhances Immune Response and Offers Broad Protection, Biomedical Sciences Researchers Find, Georgia State University, 3 May 2021.

Who is Graphene-Info?

We discovered the development of this “vaccine” administered via the nose using graphene oxide through an article published by Graphene-Info.

Whenever we read an article, we should use our critical thinking to establish not only how factual it is but also if it has any inherent bias.  One quick way to give some insight is to get a feeling for the nature of the source, whether it could be from a particular perspective or has an inherent bias, by browsing the website, for example.  In the case of Graphene-Info, the ‘About us’ page states:

“Graphene-Info is a comprehensive portal for all things graphene. It was launched in 2009 as a graphene news aggregator and quickly grew to become a hub for graphene professionals and enthusiasts.

“We see ourselves as graphene evangelists, spending our time learning the material and interacting with players in the industry to form a solid foundation for the versatile arsenal of services we offer. We pride ourselves on having a unique understanding of the market, and aim to use it for the growth and advancement of the graphene industry.”

There is an obvious inherent bias with a site so openly enthusiastic about graphene. That doesn’t mean we should ignore or dismiss everything the “graphene evangelists” or their site promoting “all things graphene” publish. It simply indicates it is telling some of the truth but not necessarily all.  That its bias will be to praise “all things graphene” as wonderous while glossing over or attempting to downplay the negatives or harms; and that we should look at alternative sources to get a more balanced view.  However, now knowing this inherent bias exists, Graphene-Info could be a useful resource to highlight “all things graphene” should you wish to stay informed.

Keeping the above in mind, and so you can filter out the pro-graphene bias for yourselves, below we have republished Graphene-Info’s article ‘Graphene oxide gives a boost to new intranasal flu vaccine’ word for word as it highlights using graphene in “vaccines,”  more specifically “vaccines” that are aerosols, or sprays, as opposed to injections.

Graphene oxide gives a boost to new intranasal flu vaccine

Researchers at Georgia State University and Emory University have developed an intranasal influenza vaccine using recombinant hemagglutinin (HA), a protein found on the surface of influenza viruses, as the antigen component of the vaccine.

They also created a two-dimensional nanomaterial (polyethyleneimine-functionalised graphene oxide nanoparticles) and found that it displayed potent adjuvant (immunoenhancing) effects on influenza vaccines delivered intranasally.

“In our study, we reported for the first time that two-dimensional graphene oxide nanomaterials had a potent adjuvant effect in boosting the immune responses of intranasal hemagglutinin (HA) vaccines,” said Dr. Chunhong Dong, lead author of the study and a postdoctoral research Fellow in Dr. Baozhong Wang’s lab in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences.

“This study gives new insights into developing high-performance intranasal vaccine systems with two-dimensional sheet-like nanoparticles,” Dong said. “The graphene oxide nanoparticles have extraordinary attributes for drug delivery or vaccine development, such as the ultra-large surface area for high-density antigen loading, and the vaccine showed superior immunoenhancing properties in vitro and in vivo. The nanoplatform could be easily adapted for constructing mucosal vaccines for different respiratory pathogens.”

The study, conducted in mice and cell culture, found the nanoparticles significantly enhanced immune responses at mucosal surfaces and throughout the body in mice. The robust immune responses conferred immune protection against influenza virus challenges by homologous (same) virus strains and heterologous (different) virus strains.

The results are also promising because needle-free, intranasal influenza vaccines possess superior logistical advantages over traditional injectable vaccines, such as easy administration with high acceptance for recipients and the avoidance of biohazardous waste.

Republished from Graphene-Info

Toxicity of graphene oxide

Previously, we have published numerous articles regarding graphene found in Covid injections and face masks, the harmful effects of graphene on the human body, graphene being transmitted from the “vaccinated” to non-vaccinated and how to detox from graphene.  The first article we published was in mid-July 2021 and the most recent was at the end of May 2022.  Follow this LINK to browse through our articles on graphene.

It is always useful to read the comments under articles as they often provide a useful starting point for alternative views and resources.  In response to Graphene-Info’s article, users have been posting comments highlighting the toxicity of graphene.  One user commented:

“There are plenty of studies linking graphene to toxicity. I personally work with graphene and it caused an irritation reaction and permanent discolouration of my skin from a single exposure. Think what it might do to the sensitive nasal mucosa.”

Other comments provided links to articles and studies which show the harmful effects of graphene:

As one commentator succinctly put it: “Here’s a start … Now – DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH.”

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Steve
Steve
3 months ago

comment image

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3 months ago

[…] Go to Source Follow altnews.org on Telegram […]

Peggy
Peggy
3 months ago

They would be more humane if they just shot everyone. Hope they rot in hell.

GundelP
GundelP
Reply to  Peggy
3 months ago

Yes, surely lovely to be irradiated by the inside.

radpois.JPG
BCPOPPY
BCPOPPY
3 months ago

Thank you Steve for the graphic and link. Very relevant information.
Weird downvotes – trolls or??
The only sensible response to the latest fear porn IMO is not to take any more shots or other ‘new’ treatment for anything. Ever. Not one. And check the contents of whatever you have in your medicine cabinet.
Drug manufacturers and researchers have forfeited any public trust they may have had, and we should ignore edicts from our corrupt governments and medical ‘experts’ regarding use of their products.

Steve
Steve
Reply to  BCPOPPY
3 months ago

The graphic explains VAIDS. Your body is programmed to destroy one type of covid, all other types of antibody response gets obliterated. Booster shots hopefully just re programme.

Also SADS as apoptosis means cancer.

GundelP
GundelP
Reply to  BCPOPPY
3 months ago

Agreed. Trolls or rather trusted vocies. The UK has a military unit, the 77 Brigade to shape the narrative and spread misinfo. 3-4000 and 20 000 more ready to act. What do you think how many can be here?

https://www.ukcolumn.org/article/british-military-information-war-waged-their-own-population

Besides them about 1-2 years ago the EU looked for 450 000 ‘trusted voices’ volunteers to do the same. Average people rarely have time to comment and even if they have they use social media. The two main language in Europe is English and German – plenty of ‘trolls’.

Richard Noakes
Richard Noakes
3 months ago

 3 minutes from preparation to job done!!
 
Everything else you have read, or heard, is totally irrelevant – how simple is that?
 
Covid Crusher: Mix one heaped teaspoon of Iodine table salt in a mug of warm clean water, cup a hand and sniff or snort the entire mugful up your nose, spitting out anything which comes down into your mouth. If sore, then you have a virus, so continue morning noon and night, or more often if you want, until the soreness goes away (2-3 minutes) then blow out your nose and flush away, washing your hands afterwards, until when you do my simple cure, you don’t have any soreness at all, when you flush – job done. Also swallow a couple of mouthfuls of salt water and if you have burning in your lungs, salt killing virus and pneumonia, there too.
 
My simple salt water cure, kills all Coronaviruses and viruses, as soon as you think you have an infection, or while self isolating, before the viruses mutate into the disease in your head and body, for which there is no cure – that is, after you have been out shopping, or mixing with people with potentially, Omicron or Delta viruses, or any other virus.
 
It washes behind the eyes, the brain bulb, brain stem (Long Covid), The Escutcheon Tubes to the inner ears and the top of the throat which is at a point roughly level with half way up your ears and not where your mouth is and down the back of your throat, when sore.
 
I have been doing this simple cure for over 29 years and I am and others, never sick from viruses and there is no reason why any of you should be either – when your only alternative are those vaccines!!
 
I do my simple preparation, after I have been out and about, or come into contact with people who have been vaccinated – it has kept me safe – and I hope it keeps me safe for the foreseeable future as Graphene Oxide is in the very air we breathe, outside, as well, but now from the vaccinated!!
 
Simply put, if the inside of your nose is dry and crusty, you are OK, if your nose is runny, you really need to do a salt water sniffle as quickly as possible and monitor the results, to see if further salt water sniffles are necessary, but later on in that evening – so far – I remain immune from potential Covid infections, doing just this.
 
No vaccines for me – ever – pass on my free cure and have those pass it on too – just imagine, for 29 years, I have NEVER been ill from viral infections and there is no reason why you should be either, if you do as I do and it costs zero too!!
Graphene through the nose – you have got to be kidding!!

Steve
Steve
Reply to  Richard Noakes
3 months ago

That picture is probably for impact, it would be sprayed up the nose, making the jab obsolete.

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3 months ago

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3 months ago

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Frank S.
Frank S.
3 months ago

Looking forward to Mike Adams’ chemical analysis of the “clots” collected by embalmer Hirschman. Dr. Ruby (I believe) learned that Graphene Oxide is liquid at -70 F., but turns solid at room-to-body temperature. Maybe the GO is the “seed” of these clots?

Frank S.
Frank S.
Reply to  Frank S.
3 months ago

Dr. Naomi Wolf (War Room 6/22) explained that the lipid coating of the LNP becomes “gummy” at room/body temperature. What she described bore a strong resemblance to those white, rubbery “mystery clots”

GundelP
GundelP
Reply to  Frank S.
3 months ago

There are proof that the graphene based nanotech starts to self-assemble on body temperature. They discovered it based on it, vials left in warmer places. A doc in Australia or NewZealand (can’t recall which one was) even drove with a vial in summer heat around 5G and proved it started the process. It was news maybe half year ago or so.

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3 months ago

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